Tuesday, November 29, 2016

The Flamboyant Mattern House -- No. 46 West 88th Street

In 1887, as the Upper West Side was emerging as a popular new suburb, developer James J. Spaulding embarked on an ambitious and costly project.  He purchased 19 building lots on West 88th Street between Central Park West and Columbus Avenue and set architects Thom & Wilson to work designing fashionable brownstone dwellings.  Completed a year later, the row paraded every bell and whistle a late Victorian homeowner could desire in residential architecture.

Holding its own with its neighbors homes was No. 46.  The architects held nothing back in the Renaissance Revival style brownstone.  Four stories high over an English basement, it boasted chunky, stone stoop newels elaborately carved with bows and fruits; a rounded, parlor floor oriel complete with a bearded telamon and domed copper roof; muscular brackets in the shape of lions and scrolls on either side of the entrance; and upper floors embellished with Corinthian pilasters--rusticated at the second floor, paneled at the third, and unadorned at the fourth--and a profusion of rosettes, carvings and arches.

The residence became home to the Jacob Mattern family.  The well-to-do owner of the Jacob Mattern Wagon Company, he and his wife Theresa would have two daughters, Anne and Therese.

Not far away another carriage maker, George Meyer lived in what The Evening World deemed "pretentious style" at 80th Street and Amsterdam Avenue, saying that he "was always reported to be very wealthy."  On October 23, 1893, the newspaper noted that his firm, George Meyer & Co. "enjoyed an excellent reputation."

Thom & Wilson pulled out all the stops at the parlor floor level, creating a virtual onslaught of decorations.

But the headline that day told of serious problems: "GEORGE MEYER GONE."  The article explained that the carriage maker had vanished and "the greater number of his friends say he has fled."  He left behind more than $100,000 in liabilities and The Evening World said, "The accounts are in the most tangled-up condition and nothing in fact can be done until he appears and straightens out the firm's affairs."

While the mystery played out, 41-year-old Jacob Mattern wasted no time in taking advantage of the unexpected opportunity.  Three days earlier he was awarded possession of Meyer's property by the Sheriff.  His carriage business was suddenly enormously enlarged and he had one fewer competitors.

Mattern invested in real estate as well.  And as the years went by, Mattern adapted with the changing times.  As automobiles and trucks replaced horses, by 1918 his six-story factory building at 215-217 West 53rd Street doubled as a Goodyear Truck Tire Service Station.  A year later, on June 20, 1919, the New-York Tribune reported he had purchased the adjoining four-story stable at No. 219.  "With this purchase Mr. Mattern controls a site 75x100.  He plans to alter his recent purchase for use in connection with his automobile wheels and rims business."

On November 23, 1921, Therese was married to James L. O'Connor in the Church of St. Gregory the Great on West 90th Street.  Anne served as her bridesmaid.  Perhaps because of the large guest list (there were 200 people at the ceremony) the Matterns hosted the wedding breakfast at the Hotel Astor rather than on West 88th Street, as might have been expected.

Jacob Mattern died on Monday, August 4, 1924 at the age of 71.  His funeral was held in the house three days later, prior to a solemn requiem mass at the Church of the Assumption.

The Mattern estate sold the residence to Dr. Michael J. Horan.  Like so many physicians, Dr. Horan conducted his practice from the house.  He and his wife Pauline C. Horan, had three children, Michael Jr., Anne and Jane.  Living with the family were a cook and nursemaid.

Recently, Anne Horan Painter, provided a charming glimpse into the house in the 1920s and '30s:

The cellar had a coal bin; coal had to be shoveled into the furnace every day. I can still hear the sound it made when the coal was delivered. It came down a chute directly from the sidewalk. The kitchen had an enormous black coal stove made of cast iron. As a small child I thought it was “the cold stove” because it didn’t get hot. We had a “modern” gas range that stood on four legs and had a broiler that was separate from the oven.

As the children grew, the nursemaid was no longer needed, however the cook remained.  She eventually no longer lived with the family, but arrived every day.  Anne Painter fondly recalls, "She arrived early in the morning to serve breakfast and stayed till after she had washed, dried and put away the dinner dishes, no matter how late in the evening dinner was served." 

Only the second family to occupy the house, the Horans left 46 West 88th Street on May 12, 1941.  It was resold in 1944 and alterations were started immediately.  They resulted in two apartments on each floor.  Among the first residents were Simon Frankel and his wife.  Hattie G. Frankel was active in Congregation Emanu-El, on the opposite side of Central Park, and sat on the Board of Directors of its Women's Auxiliary.

The Mattern house was altered again in 1989; now containing a duplex in the basement and parlor floors, one apartment each on the second and third, and two on the fourth floor.  Sadly, little remains of the Thom & Wilson Renaissance Revival interiors.  But from the sidewalk, No. 46 West 88th Street is little changed; still flaunting its flamboyant presence as it did more than a century ago.

photographs by the author


  1. This was my great-grandfather, Jacob Mattern and his wife, Julia's home. They had several sons who worked in the family carriage business, as well as three daughters. Jacob came to the U.S. from Germany as a penniless blacksmith.

  2. He was my great grandfather as well. His son, Henry, was my grandfather.

  3. Also my great grandfather, his daughter Theresa was my grandmother