Monday, May 16, 2016

The Lost Samuel G. Bayne Mansion -- 355 Riverside Drive

The scale of the massive mansion can be judged by the man sitting on the wall.  King's Photographic Views of New York 1893 (copyright expired)

In 1889 banker Samuel Gamble Bayne lived in an imposing brick and stone Romanesque Revival mansion in the wilderness of Riverside Drive and 108th Street.  A true urban pioneer, Bayne foresaw the future of the still-undeveloped area, with its breathtaking Hudson River views.  Riverside Park, designed by Frederick Olmsted, was inching northward from 72nd Street.  The Irish-born millionaire knew that before long this stretch of Riverside Drive would lined with mansions like his.

Bayne's house at No. 360 Riverside Drive, was erected in 1887, designed by Frank Freeman.  It would soon be outdone by the same architect.  The Architectural Record July 1892 (copyright expired)

So confident was he that, beginning in April that year, he began buying up the lots comprising the entire block to the south—between 108th and 107th Streets, from Riverside Drive to West End Avenue.   The following year he laid plans to erect a larger, even more impressive mansion.  The Real Estate Record & Builders’ Guide reported on December 20, 1890 “Samuel G. Bayne has recently sold his residence on the corner of 108th street for $130,000, and is building a large home on the opposite corner.”

B. Hufnagel photographed the desolate corner of 108th Street and Riverside Drive on May 13, 1879.  from the collection of the New York Public Library

Bayne brought back Frank Freeman, the architect of the original house, to design the mansion.  Essentially forgotten today, Freeman was a highly-regarded architect at the time, who worked mostly in Brooklyn.  The often-acerbic architectural critic Montgomery Schuyler admired his work, calling him “our great authority on Romanesque.”

The completed house at No. 355 Riverside Drive both complimented and outdid the former home.  A masterpiece of Romanesque architecture, it was a blend of brick and stone with a complex red-tiled roof.  Freeman alleviated the often-sluggish feeling of the heavy style with a soaring four-story corner pavilion; rows of closely-grouped openings and a sweeping southern roofline.  Balconies and bays provided dimension along with the several dormers.  The squared angles of the corner porch were interestingly juxtaposed with the massive, abutting entrance arch.

No. 360 (left) and the new house at No. 355 were a harmonious pair.  (photo via

Bayne had immigrated to Pennsylvania from Ireland in 1870.  Having been a linen manufacturer in Belfast, he made the unexpected change to the oil business.  He bought up land leases and drilled for petroleum.  With the funds from that enterprise, he bought up small banks throughout Pennsylvania. 

His next step was to move to New York and establish the Seaboard National Bank, described by the New York Herald as “the fiscal rallying place for the wealthy men who had struck it rich in oil and foregathered at the Petroleum Exchange.”

By the time he and his family moved into the new Riverside Drive mansion in 1891 the 41-year old was fabulously wealthy.   Although The New York Times claimed that the sprawling block around the corner home was intended as “his garden;” it is more likely that Bayne bought up the lots simply to ensure the quality of his neighbors.  As he sold off the plots, their deeds included strict covenants that only “high class residences” could be built.  

Samuel and Emily Bayne would have four children, Emily, Howard, Jasper and Donald.  The family summered at their country estate, Glenalla, in White Plains, New York. 

Bayne may have surprised many New Yorkers when the respectable banker published a light-hearted book in 1902, On an Irish Jaunting Car Through Donegal and Commemara.  In it, he poked good-natured fun at his native countrymen.  On October 4, 1902 The New York Times described it as an “account of an amusing and interesting journey taken by the author and his friends from New York to Londonderry, and then through the Irish country on a jaunting car.  The author describes the good-humored peasants driving their pits, the old women and children on the sturdy Irish donkeys going to the bog for turf, and the men at their coble-fishing, besides explorations of wonderful scenery.”

1910 was a momentous year in the Bayne household.  In October of 1909 Emily’s engagement to Alfred C. Bossom was announced.  The New York Times noted that the groom-to-be was “an architect, late of London, but now an American citizen.”

Three months later on January 15, 1910, Emily’s brother married into the socially prominent Van Beuren family.  Howard and Louise Davis Van Beuren were married in the old Van Beuren mansion on West 14th Street.   And then, on April 26, Louise was Emily’s maid of honor in her fashionable St. Bartholomew’s Church wedding.  The gala reception was held in the Bayne mansion.

In 1911, only months after seeing her children married, Samuel G. Bayne’s wife, Emily, died in the Riverside Drive house.  The aging widower, now alone, remained in the mansion. 

By the time of Emily Bayne's death, the block had filled with residential structures.  photograph via

Age could not slow the resolute banker.  In 1920, at the age of 74, he decided he was getting “entirely too fat.”  According to the New York Herald, “He stopped eating meat and wheat and took to corn meal, sea food and a light diet.  The same habits of self-denial which he had formed in his youth held up his resolution when as a millionaire he could have anything to eat which his heart and his taste desired.”  Within 15 months he had lost 37 pounds.

The Herald said he “retains the vigorous physique of his youth by exercise.  He spends at least one hour a day swinging the clubs and whirling the dumbbells, because he wants to have a good time for the twenty-three remaining hours of a perfect day.”

On December 11, 1921 The New York Times reported that Bayne had sold his mansion, “one of the landmarks of the Riverside Drive.”   The article noted “Mr. Bayne has slowly sold off all his property until this is the last remaining piece that he possessed in this location.”

The buyer, Harris H. Uris, president of the Harris H. Uris Iron Works, announced his intentions of building at 14-story apartment house on the site.  “S. G. Bayne intends to go back and occupy the entire top floor as his own residence, having spent forty years on the site, which he declares has the finest views of any in New York,” reported The Times.  It was no doubt no coincidence that the architect of the new building was Bayne’s son-in-law, Alfred C. Bossom.

Bossom’s apartment building still survives where the long-forgotten Romanesque masterwork had stood. 

Bossom's building in 1923, shortly after completion -- from the collection of the New York Public Library

As an interesting side note, the architect’s life would greatly change after the Riverside Drive commission.  He became one of the foremost Texas architects, designing important structures like the Magnolia-Mobil Petroleum Building in Dallas and Houston’s Petroleum Building.

But in 1926 he and Emily moved to England during the apex of his career, determined that their three sons receive a British education.  Bossom gave up architecture, and was elected to Parliament in 1931.  A year later, during a violent thunderstorm, Emily was the passenger in a small airplane piloted by their son, Bruce Bayne Bossom.   The plane broke up in flight, killing them both.

Alfred C. Bossom was made a baronet in 1953 and in 1960 made a life peer.  He took as his title Lord Bossom of Maidstone.  He died in London in 1965 at the age of 83.


  1. What a beautiful pairs of houses in a style not much admired nor desired these days. Along with Tudor, Richardson Romanesque seems to elicit undeserved criticism and fears of very dark, oppressive and sad interiors, probably from being represented in too many horror pictures.

  2. I think the homes were absolutely beautiful, and I'd love to live in something similar. Both are certainly better than much of what is built today, and I wonder if craftsmen could be found to build anything remotely similar.


  3. Samuel G. Bayne had four children: Emily, Howard, Jasper and Donald

    1. He had 5 children including Paul

  4. And the Ferndale (California) Museum has one of Emily Bayne Bossom's letters, written to the nanny of her son, Clive, a Swedish immigrant named Maria Skoog Toren, who moved to Ferndale from New York in 1932. (We also have several photographs of Clive, who inherited by baroncy after his older brother was killed.)

  5. Just wanted to thank you for the article about 355 Riverside Dr. We moved to NY from Dayton Ohio in 1966. We rented an apartment on the first floor of 355 until 1971 when we were lucky enough to get Apt 15w where we were and continue to be awed by the view. We learned that the layout of this floor is different from the others because the original owner occupied the entire floor. You did great research!