Monday, February 21, 2011

The George C. Flint Furniture Co. Building - No. 43 West 23rd Street

Carriages wait for ladies shopping at Flint's Furniture in 1895 -- King's Photographic View of New York (author's collection)
 One of the best-known furniture makers in New York in the 19th Century, George C. Flint opened his impressive showroom in 1868 at No. 106 West 14th Street, surrounded by other grand emporiums. Within ten years he would have a workshop No. 154 West 19th Street and a leased warehouse at No. 304 West Street. Flint’s key to success was to provide the public with attractive, up-to-date designs at affordable prices.

By the 1880’s the retail district was slowly moving northward from 14th Street along 6th Avenue; the area which would be familiarly known as The Ladies’ Mile. In 1886 R. J. Horner, arguably Flint’s strongest competitor, had erected a stylish cast iron store on 23rd Street, following the upward movement.

Although Flint held out on 14th Street for a while, by 1893 it became obvious that a new store was necessary. The New York Times reported that “The George C. Flint Company has found its present large store entirely inadequate for the proper display of the great and varied stock which the firm carries.”

Flint commissioned the esteemed architect Henry J. Hardenbergh to design his new structure. Eight stories tall, the facade would be fashioned of limestone rather than the cast iron used in Horner’s store just down the block. Large show windows on the first and second floors allowed a flood of sunlight into the showrooms. Gracing the upper portions of the four two-story ground floor piers, were ornate carved cartouches featuring demonic-looking feline heads. Hardenbergh used Ionic pillars, Corinthian pilasters, arches and an elaborate, deeply overhanging metal cornice to create a stately and visually appealing structure.

On August 22, 1894 Flint opened his doors for business in the new store, which extended through the block to 24th Street. “The store is so large,” said The Times, “that each piece on display stands by itself, and can be inspected from every side without delay or inconvenience. On each floor there are special exhibition rooms where the suits of furniture can be placed to show how they appear when arranged in the homes of purchasers.”

Flint had borrowed the idea of arranging furniture in room settings from his rival, Horner. Here were displayed parlor sets in the Louis XV and Louis XVI styles, “Bagdad and Turkish rugs,” mahogany dining room sets in the Chippendale style or oak sets “of the German Renaissance.”

“The firm is a present showing a special line of bedroom suites, in bird’s-eye maple, birch, mahogany, and oak. Many of the suites have twin beds, which are popular now instead of the single wide bed,” said The Times.

Flint’s business was not limited to the design, manufacture and sale of furniture. He kept a crew of craftsmen who installed interior woodwork in public and residential buildings. In 1880, Flint designed and installed the magnificent entrance hall and staircase of the Park Avenue Armory.

Problems arose in 1895 when his cabinet makers were working on the Presbyterian Building, being constructed on 5th Avenue at 20th Street. When the electrical workers went on strike, work on the building abruptly halted. The portion of Flint’s factory which was manufacturing the cabinetry also ground to a stop.

Rather than lay the men off during hard times (the Depression of 1893 was still being felt), the company put them to work manufacturing furniture which it put on sale at cost.

Disaster struck on November 6, 1906 when Flint’s factory and warehouse on West 29th Street caught fire. Fireman had problems with the water tower and for at least ten minutes could not get water on the blaze. Within a few hours the entire structure had burned to the ground, destroying everything. The lost furniture alone was valued at $250,000, much of it European antiques.

Shortly afterwards, Flint and Horner joined forces to become Flint & Horner. By the end of World War I both of the 23rd Street showrooms had been left for space uptown.

Hardenbergh’s beautiful building at No. 43 West 23rd Street has been little altered. Appropriately, the building where fashionable ladies once shopped for “fancy chairs in rich upholstering, easy chairs, desks for ladies, fancy curtains, etc., without number, all worthy of a place in a palace,” as The Times reported, today houses a furniture store.

non-credited photographs were taken by the author


  1. Our mother's father, Carl Everett Whitney, practiced Law in White Plaines New York and in New York City in the early 1900s; also stood before the Federal Supreme Court in 1909. We have a mahogany desk which my grandfather used in his law office, the desk manufactured by the Flint and Horner Co. The desk has elaborately scrolled legs (claw feet?)pull drawers, and a rolled top which covers the center of the desk. To the right buyer, we are interested in a sale.

  2. I have an office chair, with leather upholstery. The chair has a medallion on the back which reads :Flint Horner Furniture Co. NY, NY. t is quite sturdy and masculine in design. Does anyone know what it is worth in today's market?

  3. In the late 1950's I worked as a warehouse man at Flint and Horner ion Long Island NY.

    1. I just purchased what appears to be a mail box unit used in the court house made by Flint. Would you have any idea what it would be worth? Thanks so much

  4. I purchased a beautiful mahagony sideboard for my dining room from a local antique dealer in 1985. It has the original label "Geo C Flint Co, West 23rd St N.Y." on back.

  5. I have a Flint & Horner full size 4 poster bed that I would like to sell. I have no idea what the value is, could someone assist?

  6. I have a twin bed and there is a gold plate which reads: Flints Fine Furniture founded in 1840, Flint and Horner Co. Inc., New York. I am wondering if someone knows how much this bed is worth. I am currently trying to find pictures of it online and I haven't found any like it. Thanks for your help.

  7. I am interested in Buying R J Horner or George flint pieces. Zach 484 866 1909

    1. Zach,

      We have 2 bird's eye maple Flint dressers. One tall, one short. They also have beveled mirrors. We could send pictures if you're interested...

      Ron or Jane

  8. George Flint is a great great... uncle of mine.

    Tom Flint

    1. How very cool! Any bits of history that you can share would be wonderful. Love learning abt businesses when I come across a piece of furniture.